IRAN: Country Profile | Prev | Next Iran FactsPopulation:80,946,000Official language: Persian (Farsi)Other spoken languages:Azeri, Kurdish, Gilaki, Mazani, Luri, Arabic, Balochi, ...Official religion: Shia Islam (approx 87%)Other religions: Sunni Islam, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Bahá'í Faith, Mandaeism, Yarsanism, ...Christians: 500,000-800,000Government: Theocratic Republic OverviewIranian authorities heavily suppress the right to freedom of religion or belief. Iranian Christians continue to face arbitrary arrest and detention, grossly unfair trials and lengthy imprisonment. Lack of due process, unfair trials, widespread torture and other ill-treatment of prisoners has been widely reported. Officially recognised churches are subjected to increasingly restrictive controls and effectively banned from using the Persian language in their activities. The authorities continue to raid "house churches" and publicly vilify evangelical Christians - thereby endorsing brutal security measures against them. Forcible closure of businesses owned by Christians, confiscation of properties, bans on employment in the public sector and denial of access to universities are also among the reported violations of freedom of religion. BackgroundIran’s Constitution establishes Iran as an unalterably Islamic state (Twelver Ja’fari school) and establishes Islamic law as the basis of all legislation. Increasingly a strict interpretation of Shi’a Islam has been imposed by authorities on individuals of all faiths as a code of public conduct.The Constitution provides religious-minority status to Christians, Jews and Zoroastrians, and states that the human rights of non-Muslims are to be respected as long as they refrain from activities against Islam or the Islamic Republic of Iran. These three recognised religious minorities have parliamentary representation and are entitled to establish and use their own rites in matters of personal status. The principle of non-discrimination is affirmed, and article 23 states that the “investigation of individuals’ beliefs is forbidden”.Although the Penal Code does not stipulate the death penalty for apostasy (a proposed amendment to the Code to criminalise apostasy was not adopted in the 2013 amendments), Article 167 of the Constitution makes provision for judges to rely on authoritative Islamic sources in matters not covered by the codified law – effectively providing scope for Islamic law sanctions to be applied for apostasy. The only known example of a Christian convert being executed for apostasy was Rev Hossein Soodmand in 1990, though others have received the death sentence only to see it overturned after an international outcry.Iran ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) on 24 June 1975. The ICCPR upholds the right to freedom of religion, including the right to hold a religion of one’s choice and the right to manifest that religion (Article 18). It also upholds the rights of minorities and the principle of non-discrimination. Iran’s ratification of the ICCPR was made without reservation.Although Iran is party to ICCPR and other international covenants that provide for freedom of religion or belief, several Christians, Bahá'ís, Sufi Dervishes and Sunni Muslims have been killed judicially and extra-judicially, tortured, imprisoned or generally harassed on account of their faith. Iranian Parliament or Islamic Consultative AssemblyA remembrance ceremony for the fallen members of religious minorities during the Iran-Iraq war. Christians in Iran | Prev | Next Armenian Orthodox church service in TehranIranian Christians worship in a house-church Iran’s officially recognised Christian community includes Armenian and Syriac communities, thought to number approximately 300,000 – though some recent unofficial estimates suggest this has dropped very significantly in recent years due to emigration. These communities preserve their own linguistic and cultural traditions. The other main category of Christians does not have official status – these are Persian believers from Muslim backgrounds, principally within the Protestant “house church" movement. Their numbers are conservatively estimated to be between 500,000 and 800,000. Iranian authorities grant some limited freedoms to official churches and they are allowed to conduct their religious services in their own ethnic language but are forbidden from offering services to people of other backgrounds in Persian, Iran’s national language. Recognised churches include Armenian Apostolic, Russian Orthodox, Syriac Orthodox, Armenian, Chaldean and Roman Catholic, and Anglican, Presbyterian and (until recently) Pentecostal.Officially recognised churches have been subjected to increasingly restrictive controls since 2009. This has led to the rise of "house churches", where Christian converts of Muslim heritage gather in private homes for worship and Bible study. Main sources of persecution of Christians in IranSince the 1979 revolution, Iran's religious minorities have suffered increasing human rights violations, with the persecution of Muslim converts to Christianity in particular escalating since 2009. This has placed Iran among the top-10 persecutors of Christians since 2011, according to the World Watch List produced by Open Doors International.Persecution of Christians in Iran comes mostly from the state. Hardliners within the Iranian regime are increasingly concerned about the spread of Christianity, and see evangelical Christians as a threat. Since 2010, political leaders, including Iran's Supreme Leader, have issued warnings about the "house church" movement as a destabilising factor threatening the future of their theocratic state. In addition to persecution from government sources, Christian converts of Muslim heritage often face strong family and societal pressure. Iranian society as a whole is more tolerant than the state. But conversion from Islam is still seen by some traditional families as a great family disgrace.A combination of these factors accounts for the high emigration-rate of Christians from Iran, whether from Muslim or indigenous Christian backgrounds. Arbitrary arrest and detention of Christians continues Freedom of religion or beliefFreedom of religion or belief is systematically violated. This includes arbitrary arrests, lengthy imprisonment, torture and other ill-treatment, forcible closure of businesses owned by members of religious minorities, confiscation of properties, bans on employment in the public sector and denial of access to universities. Officially recognised churches have been subjected to increasingly restrictive controls since 2009. Churches are effectively banned from using the Persian language in their activities, a restriction enforced through various means. Intelligence forces have asked leaders of these churches to hand over details of their members. Churches have also been asked to end their Friday Persian-speaking services in a clear attempt to reduce attendance since Friday is a weekend day and Sunday is a working day. The largest Persian-speaking church in Tehran was forced to cease its Sunday services in Persian in 2013.Iranian Christians continue to face arbitrary arrest and detention, grossly unfair trials and lengthy imprisonment. The authorities in most cases charge them with spurious national security offences in connection with the peaceful exercise of their rights to freedom of religion or belief. Lack of due process, unfair trials, widespread torture and other ill-treatment of prisoners has been widely reported.The authorities continue to crack down heavily on activists in the "house church" movement. Every year many Christians are summoned for interrogation, detained and prosecuted for participating in house-church activities. The authorities regularly incite hatred and violence, vilifying evangelical Christians as “heretical”, “deviant”, and “parasites”. They have endorsed pervasive discrimination and violence based on religious belief.The right to change or renounce religious beliefs continues to be violated. Christian converts have received lengthy prison sentences, ranging from 10 to 15 years in several cases.Christians arrested for their "house church" activities have been arbitrarily dismissed from employment or denied enrolment in universities. Non-Shi’a Muslims are not allowed to stand as presidential candidates or hold key political offices.Torture and other ill-treatmentTorture and other ill-treatment remains common, especially during interrogations. Detainees held by the Ministry of Intelligence and the Revolutionary Guards are routinely subjected to prolonged solitary confinement, amounting to torture.The authorities continue to deprive prisoners detained for religious reasons of adequate medical care. In many cases, this has been done as a deliberate punishment to force them to recant their faith and amounts to torture.Prisoners endure cruel and inhumane conditions in detention, including overcrowding, limited hot water, inadequate food, insufficient beds, poor ventilation and insect infestations.Unfair trialsTrials of Christians are systematically unfair. There are no independent mechanisms for ensuring accountability within the judiciary. Serious concerns remain that judges, particularly those presiding over Revolutionary Courts, are appointed on the basis of their political opinions and affiliation with intelligence bodies.Fair trial provisions of the 2015 Code of Criminal Procedure, including those guaranteeing access to a lawyer from the time of arrest and during investigations, are routinely flouted. The authorities continue to invoke Article 48 of the Code of Criminal Procedure to prevent those detained for political reasons from accessing lawyers of their own choosing. Lawyers have been told they were not on the list approved by the Head of the Judiciary, even though no official list has been made public.Trials, particularly those before Revolutionary Courts, remain closed and extremely brief, sometimes lasting just a few minutes. Article18's Latest Annual Report Timeline: Incidents reported 28 July 2021 Christian convert begins prison sentence for ‘propaganda against Islamic Republic’ Christian convert Hamed Ashouri has begun his 10-month prison sentence for “propaganda against the Islamic Republic”. The 31-year-old submitted himself […] Read More 23 July 2021 Christians summoned to answer charges of ‘propaganda against the Islamic Republic’ Eight Christian converts in the southwestern city of Dezful have been summoned to answer charges of “propaganda against the Islamic Republic of Iran”. Read More 14 July 2021 Bishop’s house ‘to be turned into a museum’ The former house of Iran’s first ethnic Persian Anglican bishop is to be turned into a museum, according to the state-funded Mehr News Agency. Read More 29 June 2021 Nasser Navard Gol-Tapeh’s request for conditional release rejected Christian prisoner of conscience Nasser Navard Gol-Tapeh has been told his request for conditional release has been rejected. The news […] Read More 28 June 2021 Christian converts given maximum five-year sentences under penal code amendments Three Christian converts have been given the maximum sentence of five years each in prison under controversial recent amendments to the Iranian penal code. Read More 28 June 2021 Christian convert’s appeal rejected, summoned to serve sentence Iranian Christian convert Hamed Ashoori has been summoned to begin his 10-month prison sentence for “propaganda against the Islamic Republic”, […] Read More 15 June 2021 Elderly Italian nun told she must leave Iran An elderly Italian nun who has dedicated her life to helping Iran’s poor and needy has been told her visa will not be renewed. Read More 4 June 2021 Convert begins prison sentence for ‘promoting Christianity’ An Iranian Christian convert has begun serving his nine-month prison sentence for “propaganda against the Islamic Republic by promoting evangelical […] Read More 27 May 2021 Prison deadline looms for Parkinson’s sufferer and wife An Iranian Christian convert with advanced Parkinson’s disease and his wife have been told they must submit themselves to Tehran’s […] Read More 12 May 2021 Christian converts charged under Iran’s newly amended ‘propaganda’ law Three Christian converts in Fardis, near Tehran, have become the first known examples of Christians being charged under the contentious recent amendments to the Iranian penal code. Read More 30 April 2021 Convert faces prison for ‘promoting evangelical Christianity’ An Iranian Christian convert is awaiting a summons to begin a nine-month prison sentence for “propaganda against the Islamic Republic […] Read More 27 April 2021 Christian converts released on condition they stop meeting together Four Christian converts have been released without charge but only after they were ordered to sign commitments to have no further involvement in any Christian activities. Read More 27 April 2021 Christian convert given 10-month sentence for ‘propaganda against Islamic Republic’ An Iranian Christian convert has been sentenced to 10 months in prison for “propaganda against the Islamic Republic”. Hamed Ashoori, […] Read More 22 April 2021 Christian converts take appeals to Iran’s Supreme Court Iran’s Supreme Court is considering the retrial petitions for two high-profile cases involving Christian converts. The first relates to the […] Read More 21 April 2021 Four Christian converts arrested in Dezful, others interrogated Four Christian converts have been arrested and others summoned for interrogation by intelligence agents in the southwestern city of Dezful. Read More 15 April 2021 Christian convert released after over three years in prison Christian convert Majidreza Souzanchi has been released after more than three years in prison. Read More 25 March 2021 Parkinson’s sufferer and wife summoned to begin prison sentences A Christian convert with advanced Parkinson’s disease and his wife have been summoned to begin their prison sentences for belonging […] Read More 16 March 2021 Iranian Christian convert with Parkinson’s disease faces prison An Iranian Christian convert with advanced Parkinson’s disease and his wife have been told to expect a summons any day […] Read More 28 February 2021 Ebrahim Firouzi released on bail, but charges not dropped Iranian Christian convert Ebrahim Firouzi has been released on bail after nearly three weeks in detention. The 34-year-old, who has […] Read More 24 February 2021 Yasser Mossayebzadeh granted conditional release from prison Mohammad Ali (Yasser) Mossayebzadeh, who was serving a 10-year sentence as a result of his membership of a house-church, has been granted conditional release from prison. Read More 22 February 2021 Ebrahim Firouzi still in prison as church council voices concern The Council of United Iranian Churches (Hamgaam) has called on the Iranian authorities to “immediately and unconditionally” release Christian convert […] Read More 16 February 2021 Ebrahim Firouzi promised release, ends hunger strike Imprisoned Christian convert Ebrahim Firouzi has ended his hunger strike after receiving assurances he will soon be released and the […] Read More 12 February 2021 Ebrahim Firouzi to begin hunger strike after latest imprisonment Exiled and now newly imprisoned Iranian Christian convert Ebrahim Firouzi has declared that he will begin a hunger strike tomorrow […] Read More 8 February 2021 Exiled Iranian Christian convert summoned to explain ‘propaganda’ An Iranian Christian convert who has spent years in prison and is now in internal exile has been summoned to respond to fresh allegations of “propaganda against the Islamic Republic in favour of hos Read More 3 February 2021 Iranian Christians ordered not to meet – in person or online Eleven Christian couples from a city just outside Tehran have been ordered by agents of Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence to sign commitments to refrain from meeting together - either in person or onl Read More 1 February 2021 Converts face prison for ‘promoting Christianity’ An appeals court in the southwestern Iranian city of Bushehr has upheld the one-year prison sentences given to three Christian converts for “propagating against the Islamic Republic through promotin Read More 25 January 2021 Iranian Christian group ‘dismantled’ for ‘creating moral deviations’ An Iranian news agency linked to the Revolutionary Guard Corps has reported the arrest of a “network” of Christians in “several provinces” for “creating moral deviations” and “promoting Read More 21 January 2021 Mary Mohammadi told she can’t have old job back, arrested again Iranian Christian convert Fatemeh (Mary) Mohammadi has been arrested again – this time for alleged “improper” hijab – and continues […] Read More 26 November 2020 House-church leaders acquitted of ‘acting against national security’ Two Iranian Christian converts have overturned on appeal a combined 10-year prison sentence for their leadership of a house-church. Read More 17 November 2020 Four Christians given combined 35 years in prison Four Christian converts have been sentenced to a combined 35 years in prison. Mehdi Akbari, Fatemeh Sharifi and Simin Soheilinia […] Read More 16 November 2020 Second Christian convert flogged for drinking Communion wine Despite international condemnation of the recent flogging of an Iranian Christian convert for drinking Communion wine, a second convert has now received the same punishment. Read More 13 November 2020 Christian convert’s third plea for retrial rejected Imprisoned Christian convert Nasser Navard Gol-Tapeh has been informed that his third request for a retrial has been rejected. Nasser, […] Read More 11 November 2020 Christian homes targeted in coordinated Fardis raids Twelve Christian homes were raided by intelligence agents today in a coordinated operation in Fardis, west of Tehran, at around 9am. Read More 3 November 2020 Tehran church with giant cross demolished A 70-year-old Adventist church in central Tehran has been demolished, along with the giant concrete cross on its facade. Read More 2 November 2020 Saheb Fadaie returns to prison after short furlough Christian prisoner of conscience Saheb Fadaie has returned to prison after a five-day furlough. Saheb, whose birth name is Zaman, […] Read More 14 October 2020 Iranian Christian convert lashed 80 times for drinking Communion wine Iranian Christian convert Mohammad Reza (Youhan) Omidi was today lashed 80 times for drinking wine as part of Holy Communion. […] Read More 13 October 2020 Lawyers and activists call on judiciary to overturn ‘illegal’ adoption ruling against converts One hundred and twenty lawyers and activists have written an open letter to the head of the judiciary in Iran, […] Read More 29 September 2020 After years in prison and exile, Ebrahim Firouzi cleared of new charges Iranian Christian convert Ebrahim Firouzi has already spent six years in prison followed by nearly a year in internal exile […] Read More 24 September 2020 Christian converts’ adopted child to be removed from their care Lydia was just three months old when she was adopted by Iranian Christian converts Sam Khosravi and wife Maryam Falahi. […] Read More 23 September 2020 Christian convert released on bail after two months in prison An Iranian woman convert to Christianity detained since her arrest at the end of June has finally been released on a reduced bail. Read More 18 September 2020 Expropriation of bishop’s house completed 41 years after confiscation The bishop’s house in Isfahan – once the seat of the Anglican Church in Iran – was confiscated by an […] Read More 14 September 2020 Christian convert begins exile weeks after leaving prison Today, four weeks after leaving prison, Iranian Christian convert Mohammad Reza (Youhan) Omidi journeyed south to begin his exile more […] Read More 10 September 2020 Christian converts leave Iran, facing combined 35 years in prison Three Iranian Christian converts whose appeals against a combined 35 years in prison were recently rejected want to let their […] Read More 25 August 2020 Joseph Shahbazian released on bail after 54 days Iranian-Armenian Christian Joseph Shahbazian has been released on bail after nearly two months in detention. The 56-year-old was one of […] Read More 20 August 2020 Iranian-Armenian Christian prisoner’s family see him for first time in seven weeks The wife and son of an Iranian-Armenian Christian who remains in detention seven weeks after his arrest were able to […] Read More 19 August 2020 Iranian-Assyrian Christians flee but vow to continue legal battle Article18 can now confirm that Iranian-Assyrian Christians Victor Bet-Tamraz and Shamiram Issavi fled Iran on Saturday, hours before Shamiram was due to begin her five-year prison sentence. Read More 18 August 2020 Christian convert released after two years in prison Iranian Christian convert Mohammadreza (Youhan) Omidi has been released from prison after completing his reduced two-year sentence for “acting against […] Read More 16 August 2020 Iranian-Assyrian Christian couple lose appeals against combined 15 years in prison An Iranian-Assyrian couple sentenced to a combined 15 years in prison for teaching Muslim converts about Christianity have finally been […] Read More 11 August 2020 Concerns for Christians after coronavirus outbreak at Evin Prison There are concerns over the health of four Christian prisoners of conscience after one of them tested positive for Covid-19 […] Read More 5 August 2020 Prison sentences for Rasht converts Four Iranian Christian converts have received prison sentences of between two and five years for “acting against national security” by […] Read More 23 July 2020 Unprecedented bail demand for Iranian-Armenian house-church leader The family of an Iranian-Armenian house-church leader who remains in detention more than three weeks after his arrest have been […] Read More 16 July 2020 Ismaeil Maghrebinejad faces prison as final appeals fail Iranian Christian convert Ismaeil Maghrebinejad has lost his appeal against the two remaining prison sentences issued to him earlier this […] Read More 15 July 2020 Converts charged with acting against national security by promoting ‘Zionist Christianity’ At least 10 of the more than a dozen Christian converts arrested two weeks ago in raids on their homes […] Read More 13 July 2020 Christian convert, 65, overturns first of three jail sentences on appeal Sixty-five-year-old Iranian Christian convert Ismaeil Maghrebinejad has had his three-year jail sentence for “insulting Islamic sacred beliefs” overturned on appeal. […] Read More 7 July 2020 Arrest of another Christian convert confirmed in Tehran A 46-year-old Christian woman has been named as another of those arrested during a series of raids on the homes […] Read More 3 July 2020 12 Christians arrested by Revolutionary Guards in three cities At least 12 Christians have been arrested by intelligence agents belonging to Iran’s Revolutionary Guard in a coordinated operation across […] Read More 29 June 2020 Bushehr Christians face prison, exile, work restrictions and fines Seven Christian converts in the south-western Iranian city of Bushehr have been given sentences ranging from prison and exile to […] Read More 22 June 2020 Christian converts’ sentences reduced, but not overturned Three Christian converts currently serving 10-year sentences in Tehran’s Evin Prison have had their sentences reduced at a retrial, but […] Read More 9 June 2020 Rasht Christians pleaded for more time with families before imprisonment Article18 reported last week that four Iranian Christian converts from the northern city of Rasht had been summoned to begin […] Read More 1 June 2020 Christians’ appeal hearing postponed again – this time without excuse Yet another appeal hearing in the long-running court cases against an Iranian-Assyrian pastor, his wife and three Christian converts was […] Read More 1 June 2020 House-church leaders summoned to begin five-year prison sentences Four Iranian Christian converts have been summoned to begin their five-year jail sentences for leading house-churches, for which they were […] Read More 19 May 2020 Fires at three religious minority sites in days Fires have been reported at three sites belonging to religious minorities, including a Christian cemetery, in just a few days […] Read More 18 May 2020 Anglican Church member given third prison sentence at retrial An Iranian Anglican Church member has been reconvicted of membership of a “Zionist Evangelical Christian” group “hostile to the regime” […] Read More 15 May 2020 Iranian Christians sent to jail, unable to afford bail Four Iranian converts to Christianity have been sent to Lakan Prison in the northern city of Rasht, having been unable […] Read More 21 April 2020 Mary Mohammadi given suspended prison sentence and lashes Twenty-one-year-old Iranian Christian convert Fatemeh (Mary) Mohammadi has been sentenced to three months plus one day in prison, and ten […] Read More 14 April 2020 Easter release for Iranian Christian convert Iranian Christian convert Fatemeh (Aylar) Bakhtari has been told she does not need to return to prison to complete her […] Read More 3 April 2020 Christian convert, 62, released from prison, leave extended for two others A 62-year-old Iranian woman convert to Christianity has been told she does not need to return to prison to complete […] Read More 17 March 2020 Iranian Christians denied furloughs even though retrials underway Four Iranian Christians serving ten-year sentences in Tehran’s Evin Prison are being denied temporary release even though their requests for […] Read More 13 March 2020 Ebrahim Firouzi’s exile extended by 11 months A Christian convert serving two years in internal exile in a remote southeastern Iranian city has had his exile extended […] Read More 5 March 2020 Convert gets two more years in prison for ‘Evangelical Zionist Christianity’ Christian convert Ismaeil Maghrebinejad has been sentenced to an additional two years in prison. The 65-year-old was sentenced in January […] Read More 5 March 2020 Christian converts lose appeals against five-year sentences Nine Christian converts have lost their appeals against five-year prison sentences, though none of the men, nor their lawyers, were […] Read More 4 March 2020 Six Christians among 54,000 released from prison Six Christians were among the more than 54,000 prisoners released from custody in Iran over the past week, as part […] Read More 3 March 2020 Mary Mohammadi thanks supporters as court hearing postponed Christian convert Fatemeh (Mary) Mohammadi has used her first social-media post since her arrest on 12 January to thank her […] Read More 27 February 2020 Assyrian Christian Ramiel Bet-Tamraz released from prison Dabrina Bet-Tamraz has informed Article18 that her brother, Ramiel, an Assyrian Christian and son of pastor Victor Bet-Tamraz, was released […] Read More 25 February 2020 Christians’ appeal hearing postponed again over procedural issue Once again an appeal hearing in the case of five Christians sentenced to between five and 15 years in prison […] Read More 12 February 2020 Confirmed: Mary Mohammadi is in Qarchak Prison Article18 can now confirm that Christian convert Fatemeh (Mary) Mohammadi is being held in Qarchak detention centre, south of the […] Read More 3 February 2020 Iranian Christians granted early release from prison Three Iranian Christian converts have been granted early release from prison, reports Middle East Concern. Asghar Salehi was released from […] Read More 21 January 2020 Christian convert, 65, sentenced to three years in prison Ismaeil Maghrebinejad, a 65-year-old convert to Christianity, has been sentenced to three years in prison for “insulting Islamic sacred beliefs”. […] Read More 16 January 2020 Christian convert Fatemeh Mohammadi arrested in Tehran Christian convert Fatemeh Mohammadi has been arrested in Tehran and taken to an unknown location, according to the Persian-language news […] Read More 9 January 2020 Iran bulldozes grave of pastor executed for apostasy The grave of the only Iranian Christian to have been executed on official charges of apostasy has been demolished. The […] Read More 6 January 2020 Pastor’s son summoned to begin jail sentence The son of an Iranian-Assyrian couple facing years in prison for their Christian activities has been summoned to serve his […] Read More 27 December 2019 Converts begin six-month jail sentences Three Christian converts have begun six-month jail sentences after they were convicted earlier this year of “propaganda against the system through promoting […] Read More 23 December 2019 Iranian Christian activist kicked out of university An Iranian Christian woman who converted to Christianity as a teenager has been kicked out of her Tehran university without […] Read More 10 December 2019 Iranian news site reports arrest of Christian evangelist A local news site in an Iranian city near the Azerbaijan border has reported the arrest of a Christian evangelist. […] Read More 2 December 2019 Iranian Christian denied medical treatment in Evin Prison An Iranian Christian serving a ten-year sentence for charges related to the peaceful practice of his faith has been denied […] Read More 21 November 2019 Assyrian Christian among Iran protest dead An Assyrian Christian has been named among the scores killed so far in nearly a week of protests in Iran […] Read More 19 November 2019 Jailed lawyer who helped Christian convert demands retrial A human rights lawyer who helped an imprisoned Christian convert with his failed bid for a retrial is now seeking […] Read More 13 November 2019 Christians’ appeal hearing postponed again as court ‘too crowded’ Yet another scheduled hearing in the drawn-out cases of five Christians facing between five and 15 years in prison was […] Read More 12 November 2019 Iranian Yarsani kicked out of university because he won’t say he’s Muslim An Iranian follower of the Yarsan faith has been prevented from completing his university dissertation because he refused to deny […] Read More 11 November 2019 Ebrahim Firouzi sent into exile 1,000 miles from home Two weeks after returning home from six years in prison, Christian convert Ebrahim Firouzi is on his way to the […] Read More 31 October 2019 Christian convert’s bail increased tenfold A 65-year-old convert to Christianity had his bail increased tenfold at a court hearing in Shiraz last week. Ismaeil Maghrebinejad […] Read More 28 October 2019 Ebrahim Firouzi returns home from prison but now faces exile Christian convert Ebrahim Firouzi has returned home after six years in prison for his religious activities, but he now faces […] Read More 18 October 2019 Nine Christian converts given five-year sentences Nine converts to Christianity have been sentenced to five years each in prison for “acting against national security”. The nine […] Read More 15 October 2019 Yousef Nadarkhani ends hunger strike after 21 days Iranian Christian prisoner Yousef Nadarkhani yesterday brought an end to his 21-day hunger strike. Yousef, who is serving a ten-year […] Read More 15 October 2019 ‘I was arrested for the crime of believing in Jesus’ – Rokhsareh Ghanbari Sixty-one-year-old Christian convert Rokhsareh Ghanbari presented herself at Shahid Kachooei Prison in her home city of Karaj yesterday to begin […] Read More 10 October 2019 Amin Khaki remains in prison as friends go home Four Christian converts have completed their jail sentences and returned home. A fifth member of the group remains in prison. […] Read More 27 September 2019 Yousef Nadarkhani goes on hunger strike as son barred from school Christian prisoner Yousef Nadarkhani has gone on hunger strike to protest against his son being barred from school because he […] Read More 25 September 2019 Three converts given six-month sentences for ‘promoting Zionist Christianity’ Three converts to Christianity have been sentenced to six months in prison for “propaganda against the system through promoting Zionist […] Read More 23 September 2019 Tehran withdraws tax exemption from churches, synagogues Embed from Getty Images Churches and synagogues in Tehran are no longer tax exempt, according to a report from Iranian […] Read More 31 August 2019 Fatemeh Bakhtari begins one-year jail sentence Fatemeh Bakhtari presented herself at Tehran’s Evin Prison today to begin her one-year jail sentence. Fatemeh, who is 35 years […] Read More Latest news and updates Abbas and Sakineh – Iran’s forgotten Christian martyrs30th July 2021The deaths of an elderly Iranian couple following a violent raid by intelligence agents on…...Read more...Christian convert begins prison sentence for ‘propaganda against…28th July 2021Christian convert Hamed Ashouri has begun his 10-month prison sentence for “propaganda against the Islamic…...Read more...Christians summoned to answer charges of ‘propaganda against…23rd July 2021Eight Christian converts in the southwestern city of Dezful have been summoned to answer charges…...Read more...‘Iranian judiciary intent on suppressing independent lawyers and…16th July 2021An Iranian human rights lawyer says the latest move by the judiciary to stifle the…...Read more...Bishop’s house ‘to be turned into a museum’14th July 2021The former house of Iran’s first ethnic Persian Anglican bishop is to be turned into…...Read more...‘Just because I’m Christian, I’m deprived of any…13th July 2021Maryam Dehkordi focuses on the myriad ways in which religious minorities are discriminated against in…...Read more...Iran’s recognised Christians – the unlikely allies of…6th July 2021The Iranian state propaganda machine continues to use the country’s recognised Christian minority groups –…...Read more...Hardliner’s appointment as judiciary chief shows ‘only regime’s…5th July 2021The appointment of another infamous hardliner as the new head of Iran’s judiciary, replacing president-elect…...Read more...Iran’s parliament backs death sentence for ‘cooperating’ with…2nd July 2021Iran’s parliament has passed the first draft of a bill that champions the death penalty…...Read more...Nasser Navard Gol-Tapeh’s request for conditional release rejected29th June 2021Christian prisoner of conscience Nasser Navard Gol-Tapeh has been told his request for conditional release…...Read more... Iran in pictures Azadi (freedom) SquareTehranVank ChurchIsfahanGrand BazarTehranThe Coppersmiths' MarketIsfahanThe Shah MosqueIsfahan - also known as the New Abbasi Mosque or Royal MosqueAzadi (freedom) SquareTehranTourists at Naghsh-e Jahan SquareIsfahanMilad TowerTehran Press Room Contact Article18 for Interviews and Inquiries Article18 is your source for news on the persecution of Christians in Iran. We're constantly monitoring the situation on the ground and can offer interviews and provide further details on incidents reported on this website. Contact Us SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER Subscribe Contact Us email@example.com --- (+44) 20 3239 1818(+44) 75 6131 4087 www.articleeighteen.com --- Kemp House, 152-160 City Road, London EC1V 2NX About Us Article18 is dedicated to the protection and promotion of religious freedom in Iran and advocating on behalf of its persecuted Christians. We do this by engaging in documentation, advocacy work, raising awareness, training, and assisting victims of persecution. Facebook Twitter Instagram Telegram Categories Analysis Case Studies Features News Reports Sign a Petition Witness Statements Recent Posts Abbas and Sakineh – Iran’s forgott…30th July 2021 Christian convert begins prison sentence…28th July 2021 Christians summoned to answer charges of…23rd July 2021 Send to Email Address Your Name Your Email Address Cancel Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Email check failed, please try again Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.